bash command line argument checking

No Arguments

if [ $# -eq 0 ]
  then
    echo "No arguments supplied"
fi

The $# variable will tell you the number of input arguments the script was passed.

Or you can check if an argument is an empty string or not like:

Check if arg is filled in

if [ -z "$1" ]
  then
    echo "No argument supplied"
fi

The -z switch will test if the expansion of "$1" is a null string or not. If it is a null string then the body is executed.